Nutrition and bone health

Osteoporosis prevention is important throughout life. From birth to adolescence primary prevention can optimize the genetic potential to achieve, by the end of one's twenties, maximal bone mineral mass and strength. In women, from young adulthood to menopause, prevention consists in maintaining the bone tissue asset acquired by the end of the growth period. In the post-menopausal years and in elderly, primary prevention can attenuate bone loss and the risk of osteoporotic fractures that can occur at several skeleton levels, particularly forearm, spine and hip. Throughout life, nutrition and physical activity are key players in primary and secondary prevention, and are essential additions to medical approaches used in osteoporotic patients in whom fractures cannot be avoided.